Nature & Biodiversity -Andros is the northernmost, second largest, greenest and among the Cycladic islands closest to the Greek capital, with a surface area of 384km2 and a coastline of 148km. It is unigue among the Cycladic islands because of its plentiful water reserves, mountainous terrain, sharp relief and extremely varied scenery. Small forests, fertile valleys, numerous beaches, ravines where water flows all year, gushing waterfalls and springs are to be found in almost every slope and valley. The coastline has more than 70 small and larger beaches. Areas comprising almost half of the island are designated Natura, Important Bird Areas (IBAs) or wildlife sanctuaries, where many rare or endemic species of flora and fauna find refuge.
An ancient, man-made landscape- Human presence in Andros has probably been continuous since the 4th century B.C. with numerous settlements developed over the course of time. The human presence has left signs visible even in the remotest and steepest parts of the island, with stone as the raw material in a man-made landscape. The variety of rural architecture is quite astounding: dry stone walls, terraced hillsides (“emasies” in the local dialect), oil mills, threshing floors, more than 200 recorded water mills, 69 windmills, scores of stone bridges some of which are arched and hundreds of rural chapels are scattered everywhere around the island.